- View for Samdo
- Rice Field on the way to Manaslu
- Rhododendron flower at Manaslu Trek
- On the way drive to Chokhangparo
- Local People Carrying Straw
Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek
- Duration : 26 Days
- Primary activity : Trekking and Hiking
- Secondary activity: Nature and Culture
- Group size : Min. 2 pax
- Max-Altitude : 5160m/16, 924 ft
- Country: Nepal
- Transportation: Private Vehicle
- Trip starts from: Kathmandu
- Ends in: Kathmandu
- Meals: Nepali and Continental
- Type: Alpine
- Accomodation: Hotel and Lodge
- Trip Route: Kathmandu- Baseri- Maccha Khola-Jagat-Philim-Chumling-Chokhangparo-Nile-Bhajyo-Rachen Gompa-Chumje- Bihi Phedi-Lho-Samagaon-Pungyen gompa-amagaon-Samdo-Dharamsala-Larkya la Pass-Bimthang-Tilije-Tal - Syange - Kathmandu
Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek provides us with wonderful opportunity to escape ourselves through daily routine and completely immerse in natural beauty around 8th highest Manaslu Himalayas with cultural exploration at hidden valley of Tsum. With less than decade of its opening to outsiders, Tsum valley has been successfully able to enchant the visitors with its diversity in topography and richness in Tibetan influenced cultures and traditions.
We embark for Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek as you arrive at Kathmandu and complete sightseeing around world heritage sites. During the beginning of Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek, we take a drive to Baseri, which is the starting point of this trip. We pass through, exceptionally beautiful and naturally blessed Budhi Gandaki valley. Trekking along the way through beautiful forests, farmlands, pastures, settlements and villages of mostly Gurungs and Magars; we enter the hidden Tsum valley leaving back the Manaslu Trail. Tsum valley is popular for outstanding views of Himalayan ranges like Ganesh Himal and Manaslu etc. Along the way, we pass through numerous Buddhist monasteries watching the Tibetan influenced cultures. Tsum valley also offers insights into lifestyle of tribes living there which will surely be a cultural shock to outsiders. Manaslu and Tsum valley is well known home stay trek, but in present scenario plenty of tea houses also have developed around the trails. During the final days of the trek, we again catch up the popular circuit route of Tal, Syange and drive back to Kathmandu.
Join Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek with Nepal Mountain Trekkers for professional arrangements from lodging, fooding, safety and others that makes your trekking in Nepal holiday a memorable one.
Day 01: Kathmandu (1,365 metres)
Day 02: Gorkha (1,060 metres)
Day 03: Barpak (1,915 metres)
Day 04: Larprak (2,100 metres)
Day 05: Khorlabeshi (970 metres)
Day 06: Jagat (1,340 metres)
Day 07:Lokpa (1,960 metres)
Day 08: Chumling (2,386 metres)
Day 09: Gumba Lungdang (3,200 metres)
Day 10: Chhokang Paro (3,031 metres)
Day 11: Mu Gompa (3,709 metres)
Day 12: Bhajyo (4,030 metres)
Day 13: Nile (3,361 metres)
Day 14: Chumling (2,386 metres)
Day 15: Deng (1,860 metres)
Day 16: Namrung (2,630 metres)
Day 17: Lho (3,180 metres)
Day 18: Samagaon (3,520 metres)
Day 19: Samagaon
Day 20: Samdo (3,875 metres)
Day 21: Samdo
Day 22: Dharamsala (4,460 metres)
Day 23: Bhimtang (3,700 metres)
Day 24: Gho (2,515 metres)
Day 25: Tal (1,700 metres)
Day 26: Syange (1,100 metres)
Day 27: Kathmandu (1,365 metres)
Day 01: Kathmandu (1,365 metres) :
we travelled in comfort by jeep from Kathmandu to Gorkha. We were lucky – we managed to escape from the Kathmandu Valley without having to sit in any big traffic jams.
Day 02: Gorkha (1,060 metres) :
a good place to start the Manaslu Circuit – easier to get to than Arughat – the road from Dhading to Arughat is dreadful – Gorkha is about 400 metres higher than Arughat (cooler) – and it is really worth while climbing up from Gorkha town centre to the palace and temple on the ridge above with great views of the mountains including the Manaslu Massif.
Day 03: Barpak (1,915 metres):
next our jeep drove us to Barpak – the real start of our trek – the road was not too bad – so we got there in good time – leaving us the afternoon to explore Barpak – a big prosperous village which was the epicentre of the earthquake in April 2015 – it was badly damaged – most of the houses had heavy stone (slate) roofs which collapsed all too easily during the earthquake causing death and serious injury. Now there are many temporary tin buildings in Barpak– houses, shops and schools. Ironically in some ways Barpak was lucky – being the epicentre it became the focus of national and international relief efforts – it took many days for help to reach other severely damaged more remote villages.
Day 04: Larprak (2,100 metres) :
a lovely walk up over a ridge – Mamche (2,700 metres) – with great views of Ganesh Himal – and then down to Larprak. Larprak was also badly affected by the earthquake. Its current site has been assessed as being unsafe – too prone to landslide – and as a result a huge project is underway to build New Larprak. Coming down from Mamche, we came to New Larprak first. It is 500 metres above Old Larprak. Contractors are in the process of building a ‘housing estate’ of hundreds of identical small four roomed houses (ground floor area of 6.9m x 4.35m) – using specially designed (CSEB) concrete blocks, steel reinforcing rods, metal trusses and corrugated iron for the roof. A few of the houses were nearing completion. Old Larprak is quite a large village – there were no obvious signs of it getting ready to move to the new site.
Day 05: Khorlabeshi (970 metres) :
from Larprak we went down and then up to Singla, then a bit down to Khorla where we had lunch at a very simple restaurant, before dropping steeply down to Khorlabeshi beside the thundering Bhudi Gandaki. There, as planned, we found our German friends, Hans-Jurgen and Heinz, relaxing after an easy day for them. They were sitting round a table under a thatched roof in the extensive garden of our hotel chatting with Rajesh, who had guided them in the past and his current American clients. We joined them and got drawn into the talk – mostly about trekking.
Day 06: Jagat (1,340 metres) :
an easy walk from Khorlabeshi, crossing the Budhi Gandaki several times – one section being a cantilevered metal walkway across a cliff face above the Budhi Gandaki replacing a section of trail which was lost as a result of the 2015 earthquake. Jagat feels like a compact trading post in a narrow section of the Budhi Gandaki gorge. A good shower was had by all and quite a bit of laundry got done too. Happy days. You might catch a glimpse of Shringi Himal ahead.
Day 07:Lokpa (1,960 metres) :
an easy walk to Ekle Bhatti for lunch and then a beautiful climb up through Bhutan pine forest with flowers including lovely delicate delphiniums to the only lodge at Lokpa, which is 300 metres below the main village. The lodge is not great and is often full – Lokpa needs another lodge!
Day 08: Chumling (2,386 metres) :
the walk from Lokpa to Chumling is more challenging than you might expect. It involves a lot of steep up and down. You realise by the end of it why Tsum Valley has remained isolated until very recently. You cross another newer section of cantilevered metal walkway across a cliff face. The collapse of this section of the trail in 2016 left Tsum Valley almost cut off from Nepal for a few months. A while before you arrive in Chumling you cross a suspension bridge over the Shiar Khola and one more climb brings you up into a more open valley and you can see why people have chosen to live in such an inaccessible place for hundreds of years – plenty of terraced fields on the north side and mature Bhutan pine forest on the south side of the valley. Just before we arrived, we were greeted by two sweet little boys, who offered us bouquets of wild flowers. The Tashi Delek Hotel at Chumling has been open for less than a year and is really comfortable and well run. One small criticism – it could do with another toilet! That afternoon we visited the new health post in Chumling designed by Sonam and amazingly met Sonam and Sherab on their way to show other visitors the health post. We joined the tour – the new clinic is beautiful and built following earthquake resilience principle– with dressed dry stone walls with timber ring beams; traditionally carved Bhutan Pine windows and doors, green corrugated iron roof and cleverly designed bamboo panels closing off the void under the eaves.
Day 09: Gumba Lungdang (3,200 metres) :
it’s a lovely easy walk from Chumling to Dumje – most of the time you are high above the Shiar Khola. Just after crossing a suspension bridge and just before Dumje you leave the main trail to Chhokang Paro and cross a wooden bridge over the Shiar Khola. From Dumje you climb steadily and sometimes steeply up, about 1,000 metres, through mixed forest of pine, hemlock and birch to Gumba Lungdang. On the way, if it is clear you should see Ganesh 1 and 2 and Lumbo Himal as well as more distant views of Himal Chuli and Nadi Chuli. The monastery and the accommodation there were almost completely destroyed by the earthquake in April 2015. For the next year or so, while reconstruction is underway, if you want to stay at Gumba Lungdang it is best to carry your own tents. There are three small tents there but like most heavily used tents their zips are failing. The nuns are hospitable and will feed you well but please don’t be too demanding – their lives must be hard enough already. Awesome views of sunset on Ganesh 1 and sunrise on Ganesh 2 are possible from Gumba Lungdang but for us it was cloudy and only partially cleared before we left.
Day 10: Chhokang Paro (3,031 metres) :
first you have to retrace your steps down to Dumje and re-join the main trail. We had lunch in Gho shortly after re-joining the main trail and then climbed up to Chhokang Paro – crossing some landslide areas requiring extra care. We stayed in the Tashi Delek Hotel, which is a large and well run hotel with comfortable rooms, a beautiful dining room and naughty but nice – a gas boiler hot shower. You can see sunrise on Baudha Himal and Himal Chuli from the hotel. With a lot of help from a kind local man we managed to find Sonam’s family home and stayed for Masala tea and cookies with Pema (Sonam’s half brother) and Pema’s mum. Look out for the café – Tsum Valley Café. You can get delicious espresso, cappuccino, macchiato etc – Pema had been a barista at Himalayan Java in Kathmandu. This is a delightful treat in Chhokang Paro!
Day 11: Mu Gompa (3,709 metres) :
From Chhokang Paro to Mu Gompa there is a road – not joking – there is a road but there are no buses, cars or motorbikes – just one tractor. It is said that one day this road will connect Arughat to Tibet – we will see. The easy walk from Chhokang Paro to Nile is through beautiful, fertile, large, flat fields – the amazing and valuable productive land of the upper Tsum Valley. Lots of chortens, mani walls and gompas on the way – leaving you in no doubt that you are amongst Buddhists. Beyond the fields to the east and west the near vertical walls of the valley become the snow capped, 6,000 metre peaks of Cherke Himal, Kipu Himal and Langju Himal. After Nile the valley narrows and the fields cease. Mu Gompa was busy with trekkers – the rooms were full so we had to pitch our tents. The Gompa is perched up on an east facing slope, austere but well maintained. You can climb up a bit further to a nunnery not far from Mu Gompa or for the really energetic you can climb at least another 1,000 metres above the monastery for great views. If you are lucky, from Mu Gompa, you can see sunset and sunrise on Ganesh 2 to the south.
Day 12: Bhajyo (4,030 metres) :
the walk further north to Bhajyo is on the road for the first hour. Then you have to cross two short but unstable and a bit scary landslide areas. After that the trail is easy – through yak kharkas with blue sheep and marmots grazing in the sunshine – the slopes above and below are covered in shrubs showing their autumn colours – berberis, rose and dwarf cotoneaster. You can tell from the quantity of litter that Bhajyo becomes a very busy small town during May – the Yarsagumba gathering season. Almost all of the litter comes from Tibet, China – which is only an easy 3 hours walk away. The cans and bottles should go back to China on the mules that brought them in to Nepal and be recycled. Having cleared some of the litter, we pitched our tents and repaired one of the dry stone walled, tarpaulin covered shelters abandoned by the Yarsagumba gatherers to use as our kitchen. Bhajyo is a beautiful spot – a great place to relax in amongst the high mountains in the afternoon sunshine – Langju Himal and Tabsar look spectacular – but bitterly cold in the shade first thing in the morning. Thanks to Min, D.B. and Bikash we managed to enjoy soup, spaghetti with sweet chilli and tomato sauce, various noodles, 3 in 1 coffee and peppermint tea – perfect. After lunch we walked up to beyond Thongbu (4,500 metres) to get a clear view of the pass and a chorten on the border between Nepal and China. D.B. and Bikash would love to have walked right up to the border but sadly we didn’t have time.
Day 13: Nile (3,361 metres) :
the next morning we retraced our steps back to Nile. It was windy and the landslide areas were even more intimidating. Hans-Jurgen and Heinz had recommended a homestay in Nile and with a bit of effort Min had managed to find it – Mingma’s Homestay – a really comfortable place – with a restless baby yak and an enormous retired 30 year old yak in the yard outside the toilet during the night. We talked with Mingma about the rubbish at Bhajyo – what to do?
Day 14: Chumling (2,386 metres) :
again we retraced our steps back to the lovely Tashi Delek Hotel in Chumling – this time with views of Shringi Himal – stopping for coffee, masala tea and cookies with Pema and his mother in Chhokang Paro. Kit Oi then set about persuading every trekker we met on the trail to go to Pema’s Tsum Valley Café – he should have been busy that day!
Day 15: Deng (1,860 metres) :
from Chumling we endured the arduous walk back to Lokpa and then dropped easily down through the forest to re-join the main Manaslu Circuit trail. That afternoon it rained pretty heavily while we were having lunch and again not long after we had reached Deng. The main trail squeezes its way through the Budhi Gandaki gorge crossing the river several times on long suspension bridges. Deng is not a very attractive place and looked particularly sad in the rain.
Day 16: Namrung (2,630 metres) :
we followed the main trail to Bihi Phedi and then Min, Kit Oi and Robert followed the slightly longer route up to Bihi Village to visit the new school at Bihi – designed by Sonam, built almost entirely of traditionally carved wood – with dry stone foundations and a green corrugated iron roof – block A – the classrooms and behind – block B – the teacher’s accommodation. After visiting the school we saw the rest of Bihi village – a proper village – very close to the Manaslu Circuit trail, but without any lodges, it sees hardly any trekkers. Beyond the village we descended steeply back down to the main trail and then on to Ghap for lunch. After Ghap the Budhi Gandaki valley widens. At one point we cross s suspension bridge over the river and from the bridge we can see the Budhi Gandaki forced under a natural stone arch. Then it’s a sustained climb up a beautifully built stone staircase to Namrung. Surprisingly Namrung has a very smart looking and luxurious (presumably) but expensive hotel. We stayed at the last tea house in the village – Namrung Guest House, which is small, friendly and perfectly adequate – though the shower ran out of steam before it was our turn.
Day 17: Lho (3,180 metres) :
an easy half days walk to Lho. It was a bit cloudy so we didn’t get the hoped for great views of Himalchuli at the head of Hinang Glacier before Sho. However we did manage to persuade a lady in Sho to sell us some of her apples, which we managed to knock down from high up in her tree and catch in a basket – delicious – a welcome treat for the next few nights. In Lho we stayed in a new Hotel – Majestic Manaslu Cottages – with nice chalet type rooms and a beautiful dining room – a bit like a green house – warm in the afternoon sun; with an automatic door closer on the outside door and with glazing that was adequately sealed – it wasn’t draughty and it didn’t lose all its warmth as soon as the sun set. In the afternoon we walked up to the large and prosperous looking Ribung Monastery and climbed up to the top of the hill behind, hoping for clear views of the Manaslu Massif – but like most afternoons the cloud was thickening. A welcome gas boiler heated hot shower to keep us going. It was still cloudy when we went to bed but we set our alarm for 5:15am and were rewarded with a perfectly clear dawn. We walked up a short distance from the hotel to a popular viewing point near Ribung Monastery to watch the sun rising on Manaslu – magnificent.
Day 18: Samagaon (3,520 metres) :
after breakfast, we made the easy half day walk to Samagaon photographing another classic view of Manaslu with a chorten in front of it near Lho and then stopping for tea at Shyala, a sleepy village, with magnificent clear views of Himalchuli, Nadi Chuli, Manaslu, Naike peak, Larkya peak and Samdo and Saula Himal. In Sama we stayed in the comfortable and busy but very efficiently run Hotel Manaslu. In the afternoon we walked up to Birendra Tal – about an hours walk from Sama and there D.B., Bikash and Razan built an impressively tall chorten.
Day 19: Samagaon:
on our ‘rest’ day in Sama we managed the four hour walk up to Manaslu Base Camp (4,770 metres) – a truly amazing spot with spectacular views of Manaslu, Manaslu North and Naike Peak – luckily we got there before the cloud closed in. The base camp is a collection of large yellow tents with a kitchen and dining tent. We had a welcome cup of tea from the kitchen. There were no climbers there – the October climbers had gone down and the November climbers were expected in a day or two.
Day 20: Samdo (3,875 metres) :
another very easy walk from Sama to Samdo still following the much diminished Budhi Gandaki – no fields and no big trees – just some small birch, juniper and larch trees and lots of scrubby bushes including berberis and rose. We managed to get nice rooms in the Yak Hotel in Sama. The upstairs dining room here is bright but draughty with poorly sealed windows. There was heavy and persistent snow that afternoon and evening leaving the concrete stairs and landing giving access to our room treacherous and by the morning covered in thick ice and dangerous. That afternoon Kit Oi and Robert visited the new health post and then called on Nyima, who is managing the construction of the health post and many other projects including a solar shower and a new lodge. We found Nyima at home with his wife and three children and spent a couple of hours drinking tea and talking about plans for the completion of the health post – very interesting. It was snowing lightly when we entered Nyima’s house. By the time we left the ground was covered in about three inches of snow!
Day 21: Samdo:
we had hoped to walk towards the Nepal/Tibet border but with a few inches of snow on the ground we decided to stay close to Samdo.
Day 22: Dharamsala (4,460 metres) :
a beautiful and, apart from the altitude, easy walk up to Dharamsala. We were lucky – the perfect clear day we had hoped for – with truly impressive views of Samdo Peak, Naike Peak, Larke Peak and Cheo Himal and briefly Manaslu and Manaslu North.
Day 23: Bhimtang (3,700 metres) :
even luckier – another cloudless morning for the walk over the pass. Higher up there were three or four inches of fresh dry powdery squeaky snow on the ground – enough to smooth the underlying rough rocky trail.across the glacial moraine. Wonderful views of sunrise on Larke Peak. By the time we reached the prayer flags at the pass there was already a strong and bitterly cold wind blowing so we didn’t linger there but instead headed rapidly along to the second set of prayer flags and commenced the long, steep and in places icy zigzag decent. A few hundred metres below the pass and out of the wind we caught up with D.B. and Bikash and our snacks. A welcome break after about five hours of steady going up and then careful coming down. Great views of Cheo Himal. Himlung, Ponkar Peak and Kang Guru and even at one point a glimpse of Lamjung Himal and Annapurna 2. Bhimtang is sited on a large natural flat area separated from the Salpudanda Glacier by the tall narrow ridge of the glacier’s lateral moraine. Bhimtang’s several lodges are owned and run by people from Gho – the next village down. We stayed in a lodge which was small but comfortable. Fine views from Bhimtang of sunset on Manaslu as well as Phungi Himal, Nadi Chuli, Cheo Himal. Himlung, Ponkar Peak and Kang Guru. It was clear in the morning so we had good views of sunrise on the same peaks.
Day 24: Gho (2,515 metres) :
we cross both lateral moraines and the river of melt water emerging from Salpudanda Glacier before descending through mature forest mainly of silver fir on the other side of the glacial valley from Bhimtang. As we lose height the forest changes – later dominated by hemlock and then Bhutan pine. There are clearings and fantastic views back to the cirque of white fluted peaks. We stop for lunch at Kharche – a kharka in the forest where red berried cotoneaster trees predominate. Finally we reach Gho, a proper village with fields of buckwheat and millet, cattle and sheep. We stay in a comfortable lodge with a colourful flower garden and enjoy our first shower (with solar warmed water) since Lho.
Day 25: Tal (1,700 metres) :
from Gho we dropped rapidly and easily mostly on a newly cut but unused road down to Dharapani where we joined the Annapurna Circuit trail. A pleasant walk down to Tal – getting used to the unfamiliar site of 4 wheel drive vehicles heading up to and down from Manang. We arrived in beautiful Tal, happily off the main road, delightful waterfalls, pretty gardens and – great excitement – ripe tree tomatoes on the trees. We ate dhal bhat with freshly prepared tree tomato pickle for lunch – delicious. Lovely lodge, Sunrise Hotel with great food.
Day 26: Syange (1,100 metres) :
the first part of the walk down from Tal is beautiful – a steep zigzag trail down beside the thundering Marsyangdi trapped in a deep vertical sided gorge to Chamje. The road on the other side of the river has been cut into the cliff face high above the river and even makes a three quarter turn round a tower of rock – a lapse in the driver’s concentration would be lethal. From Chamje the rest of the walk is on the road and mercifully fairly short. The hotel we stayed at in Syange was OK – the room was fine but the food was disappointing – a beautiful location looking across the Marsyangdi to Ghermu, a pleasant village on the old Manaslu Circuit walking trail from Bahundanda. The highlight was a cake produced miraculously by Min after dinner decorated with flowers and “Happy Trekking Manaslu Tsum”. It was made in Besi Sahar and brought up to Syange by motorbike by the proprietor of our hotel. Everybody in the hotel enjoyed a slice!
Day 27: Kathmandu (1,365 metres) :
next morning we almost enjoyed the drive down to Besi Sahar – our driver stopped a couple of times to let us admire the views of the impressive Chinese hydroelectric project at Nadi Bazar and of the Manaslu Massif now some distance away but still completely clear. In Besi Sahar we changed to a comfortable car for the drive to Kathmandu. The road from Besi Sahar to Kathmandu only seems to get worse and the traffic gets heavier and more impatient. How many serious accidents will it take before somebody takes on the job of sorting this serious problem out?
- Airport pickup and drop service
- 4 nights Hotel in Kathmandu (Hotel Horizon Kathmandu)
- All fooding and lodging during the trek (B,L,D included)
- Transportation costs: Comfortable Drive from Kathmandu to Baseri and from Syange to Kathmandu
- Professionally trained and highly experienced English speaking trekking guide, assistant trekking guide and a porter (1 porter for 2 trekkers with max load of 30kg) along with their salary, lodging, fooding and insurance
- Trekking permits: Manaslu Conservation Area fees and Manasalu special permit
- First aid medical box
- All required trekking gears like sleeping bag and down jacket made available on rent
- 13% VAT and 10% company service charge
- Farewell Dinner
- Visa fee to enter Nepal (Visa Information)
- International flight tickets and extra baggage charges
- Extra night accommodation and meal costs in Kathmandu due to any change in scheduled itinerary
- Travel insurance/ Rescue operation costs
- All personal expenses
- Tip for guides and porters
Complimentary items offered by Nepal Mountain Trekkers
- Nepal Mountain Trekker t-Shirt and duffel bag with comprehensive trekking map
- Spa treatment for mind and body in Kathmandu after completion of trek
- Farewell treat
Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trek
Kit Oi Chung & Robert Marten
2016 - September/October We had arranged with Ramesh from Nepal Mountain Trekkers to do the Manaslu/ Tsum trek as a part camping/part tea house trek. We had had Min (Sanjeev) as our guide before and specifically asked for him to guide us again. The team was very considerate of our needs and our comfort and we were well looked after. There were problems, which were out of their control - the weather was not settled and mostly we did not have clear views of the peaks, there had been several landslips which made part of the trek difficult, and the main trail into Tsum valley was destroyed so that it was very difficult to go there. Despite these substantial difficulties, we had a great trek around Manaslu, and found the villages of great interest. They are culturally fascinating and we enjoyed conversations with people we met on trek, specifically Nyima from Gyap and Nyima from Samdo who are involved with development projects in their villages. Look out for solar showers in 2017 in Samdo, which are for the local people but also for trekkers and should raise some money for the community. It is inspiring to see again the resilience of the local people as they re-construct after the earthquake as this area was one of the epicentres of the 2015 earthquake. Crossing the Larkye La was not easy, but stunning and we have to mention Syam, our cook, who popped up unexpectedly at different parts of this walk to hand us drinks and snacks. That lifted our spirits no end! As we had extra time, because we had not been able to go into Tsum valley, we did part of the Annapurna circuit, went to Tilicho Lake, Moon Lake and Ice Lake. Here the weather was kinder and we got perfect views of peaks and blue lakes. As we came down again, we spent a night at Temang and saw the most fantastic sunset on Manaslu from there. Apart from the cook Syam, we wish to comment on Min who again was an excellent guide. When there are difficulties, he told us clearly what these were and involved us with making decisions about what to do. We would ask for him as our guide for a future trek. We also had DB (Dhan Bahadur Gurung) as our porter/ guide for the Annapurna part and could not ask for a better companion. He is very helpful, and sociable, and very helpful when we found parts of the trails difficult. What could have been done differently? The main thing is that it would have been helpful to find out before the trek that it was difficult to get into Tsum and we could have adjusted plans in Kathmandu and got different permits, for example to Nar Phu instead. The Department of Immigration, who issue the permit for Tsum, should have known that the trail into Tsum was closed and stopped issuing permits - their colleagues based in the villages near the beginning of the Tsum Valley trek had certainly known for a number of days before we were approaching that part of the trek. Overall, we are very happy with the experience. We'll just have to plan to go back to Tsum Valley another time, and would like to re-visit the high villages of Manaslu, and for a next trek, would plan to incorporate side treks, like walks to the border with Tibet. Thank you to all at Nepal Mountain Trekkers for an excellent trek.